Jasmines are native of tropical and subtropical regions and introduced in the mid sixteenth century. Among the large number of species existing, only three species have attained importance in commercial cultivation. Jasminum sambac is considered as a native of the East Indies. The name Jasmine is of Arabic origin and is believed to have been derived from Yasmin. It is reported that the height of its po pularity reached its peck two to five hundred years ago at canton and metropolis of southern China.
A jasmine flower plant can either be a shrub or a climber with woody vines, depending upon its species. Mostly evergreen, the foliage is glossy, bright green, about 2 - 3 inches long, arranged oppositely, and collectively in a pinnate pattern with five to nine leaflets. The flowers are either five or more than five-lobed and extremely fragrant.
Jasmine prefers mild and tropical climate. Jasmine is commercially grown in India under open field conditions. The ideal requirements for successful cultivation of jasmine are mild winter, warm summer, moderate rainfall and sunny days. Jasmines grow well upto 1200 m. A well-distributed annual rainfall of 800 to 1000 mm is optimum for growth and development.
Jasmine will thrive indoors if they are given the proper care; in fact, they can grow up to two feet each year. This plant requires a lot of sun, so if you do not have a south facing window with a lot of sun available, then during the summer months, the plant will benefit from a few hours of being outside in the sun. Autumn arriving causes blooms to bud. Cool, well circulated air is great for encouraging winter blooms to form; if the temperature is too warm, the plant will not bloom.
Purning: Pruning is an important activity as it influences growth, flower-bud initiation, differentiation and, ultimately, the flower production in Jasmine. The bushes are pruned to 50 cm height from the ground level during last week of November.
Jasmine can be propagated by cuttings, layering, sucker, grafting, budding and tissue culture.
Layering: Layering is done during June-July in North India and from June to December in South India. For preparation of layers, well matured, one year old shoots are selected and are buried in the soil 10-15 cm deep after making a shallow, slanting cut in the portion that is to be buried. The root formation occurs in 90-120 days.
Cutting : It is the easiest method of propagation of jasmine J.grandiflorum and J.sambac are best propagated by apical cuttings while J.auriculatum is propagated by semi hardwood cuttings. Normally 22-25 cm long cuttings with 3-4 nodes are planted in rooting media. Cuttings taken during April-September has highest percentage of rooting with maximum rooting in June planted cuttings. The basal portion of softwood cuttings is treated with growth regulating substances before planting. The cuttings are buried more than 5 cm deep in the rooting medium and are spaced 7cm apart. The cuttings are ready for transplanting into the main field after 4 to 5 months of planting in the rooting media.
Season of Planting : The best time for planting in most parts of India is during the monsoon but one can plant jasmine almost round the year in climates as of Bangalore. Once planted, the jasmine remains in the field for 10-15 years.The ideal time for planting in North India is during July-August and from the end of January-February, while in South India planting is done any time between July-December.
Since Jasmines are tropical plants, one of the most common issues related to them is rust and blight. These two conditions cause damage to the leaves; it can affect the coloration of the foliage, make the leaves wilt, and it can even pass to younger stems or cutting offspring that is taken from the mature plant. Getting rid of fungal issues such as these requires baking soda spray and plenty of aeration. If these issues remain, you may need to clean the pot and the roots to ensure that the disease is gone.
Aphids, whiteflies, and mites are insects that suck the vitality out of a Jasmine plant and cause damage to the plant, but caterpillars, budworms, and webworms can cause damage to the leaves as well. The best way to get rid of most pests that can affect your Jasmine plants is to create a soapy solution that you can apply to the leaves of the plant. If you know what the pest is, then you can target it specifically with an insecticide spray.
If you are looking for a plant that will make your home smell amazing when it blooms, then Jasmines are perfect. Even though they are tropical plants, they are not that difficult to invigorate in an indoor space.
|Temperature||Being a tropical plant, Jasmine plants are able to handle hot and humid temperatures, but they will not survive cold, winter temperatures. When growing Jasmine, try to keep the temperature between 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. After the plant is through bl|
|sunlight||Jasmine plants like bright sunlight, so if the plant is indoors, make sure that it is getting sunlight for up to four hours a day. Having the plant in front of a southern facing window will do wonders for its growth. During the winter months, the plant wi|
|Soil||Well drained loamy or red loamy fertile soil. Warm summer, mild winter, moderate rainfall and sunny days.|
|Water||Jasmine plants need a lot of water, especially when they are in bloom. It is best to always keep the soil slightly moist. The plants should be watered on a weekly basis, but if the soil becomes dry before that, water the plant early.|
|Fertilizer||When fertilizing a Jasmine plant, you want to use fertilizer that is rich in potassium and phosphorus. This type of fertilizer will help extend the bloom time of the plant. Indoor Jasmine plants should be fertilized at least twice a year, but during the|
|Bloom Time||August -November|
|Height of the Item||1.0 Ft|
|In The Box||One Plant without Pot|
|Disclaimer||The image is for reference purpose only. Actual plant may vary from the image shown as it is a natural plant and will vary piece to piece.|
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